Benedict XVI saw both the Novus Ordo and the TLM as equal expression of the "lex orandi". Francis teaches only the Novus Ordo? Who is right? And what even is the "lex orandi"?
What does it mean to be catholic? Is it a policy, membership, or more?
It is common to hear in Catholic theology that each sacrament has an ordinary minister and, sometimes, an extraordinary minister. But what makes a minister ordinary or extraordinary?
Leo XIII in 1896 released Apostolicae Curae, declaring Anglican orders invalid. However, did he properly understand Anglican theology? Some Anglican bishops responded quickly saying he didn't. Here's why we think they're right.